15th–20th century C.E.
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Ivory spoons from West Africa were imported into Portugal in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The hostess with the mostess: these ladles honored women for their exceptional generosity and hospitality.
Masks like this represent a guardian spirit and allude to an idealized female beauty in Mende and Sherbro culture.
Ivory saltcellars were objects created for trade: they were African made and intended for the Portuguese market.
Before motorized transport, male and female chiefs in Sierra Leone were transported in these elaborate hammocks.
These enigmatic stone heads were found in Sierra Leone and Liberia, and perhaps predate European arrival to Africa.
The Mende initiation rite for young women is the only known masquerade tradition where the mask-wearers are female.