Native American / First Nations

Traces of sophisticated cultures remain across what is today the United States and Canada.

before 11,200 B.C.E. - c. 1500

videos + essays

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Introduction to Chaco Canyon
Introduction to Chaco Canyon

Located in a high desert, Chaco’s residents dedicated much of their energy to controlling water for crops.

Mississippian shell neck ornament (gorget)
Mississippian shell neck ornament (gorget)

Found marking the grave of an important individual, this gorget was worn as a neck ornament during life.

Clovis culture
Clovis culture

The first clear evidence of human activity in North America are spearheads used to hunt large game.

Mesa Verde
Mesa Verde

Remarkable structures in the American Southwest were home to cliff-dwelling farmers until around 1300.

Fort Ancient Culture: Great Serpent Mound
Fort Ancient Culture: Great Serpent Mound

Many interpretations have been proposed for this mound in modern-day Ohio—examine the clues and see what you think.

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