Assyrian

The Assyrian empire dominated Mesopotamia and all of the Near East for the first half of the first millennium.

1365–609 B.C.E.

Beginner's Guide

What is Assyria?

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Assyrian Palace Reliefs of Ashurnasirpal II
Assyrian Palace Reliefs of Ashurnasirpal II

Originally adorning an Assyrian palace, these reliefs let us look back to this ancient culture's sense of power, influence, and control that they had at a time when the world was not understood through the lens of modern science.

Assyria vs Elam: The battle of Til Tuba
Assyria vs Elam: The battle of Til Tuba

Reading Assyrian art isn't easy — but it's always worth it.

Assyria, an introduction
Assyria, an introduction

Led by aggressive warrior kings, Assyria dominated the fertile crescent for half a millennia, amassing vast wealth.

The palace decoration of Ashurbanipal
The palace decoration of Ashurbanipal

Ashurbanipal wasn't just an Assyrian king, he was a propaganda king.

Assyrian Sculpture
Assyrian Sculpture

Leveraging their enormous wealth, the Assyrians built great temples and palaces full of art, all paid for by conquest.

Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

Winged, human-headed bulls served as guardians of the city and its palace—walking by, they almost seem to move.

<em>Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions</em>
Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions

Only the king was permitted to kill lions—and doing so signified his power and ability to keep nature at bay.

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