Baroque

Dutch Republic

A prosperous middle class eager to express its status and its new sense of national pride, replaced the church and monarchy as the primary patrons of art.

1600 - 1700

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Saenredam, <em>Interior of Saint Bavo, Haarlem</em>
Saenredam, Interior of Saint Bavo, Haarlem

Perspective is the star of this painting. Saenredam expertly widens the viewpoint to create an interior panorama.

Rembrandt, <em>The Jewish Bride</em>
Rembrandt, The Jewish Bride

With its almost sculptural surface and dazzling range of textures, this painting once reduced van Gogh to tears.

Huis ten Bosch (House in the Woods)
Huis ten Bosch (House in the Woods)

Built for nobility and now home to royals, this palace has a checkered past. It held art, then political prisoners.

The Town Hall of Amsterdam
The Town Hall of Amsterdam

Is this the eighth wonder of the world? Amsterdam’s leaders thought so—their hall contains a universe in miniature.

Judith Leyster, <em>The Proposition</em>
Judith Leyster, The Proposition

Virtue, or vice? This seated woman is an icon of domesticity, but the man’s money may tempt her away from work.

Frans Hals, <em>The Women Regents</em>
Frans Hals, The Women Regents

The subjects appear quiet and austere, yet Hals’s expressive use of paint animates this group portrait.

Rembrandt, <em>Girl at a Window</em>
Rembrandt, Girl at a Window

In this painting, Rembrandt plays with the division between reality and illusion, present and past. Who’s the girl?

Gerrit Dou, <em>A Woman Playing a Clavichord</em>
Gerrit Dou, A Woman Playing a Clavichord

Are we awaiting a duet or interrupting a solo? One of Dou’s finest, this intimate scene defies easy interpretation.

Willem Kalf, <em>Still Life with a Silver Ewer</em>
Willem Kalf, Still Life with a Silver Ewer

Kalf celebrates the fruits of life but reminds us of our mortality. The light—and his technique—are otherworldly.

Rembrandt, <em>Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses</em>
Rembrandt, Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses

Zero in on the beautiful passages of line in this print—and witness the artist at work.

Rembrandt, <em>Aristotle with a Bust of Homer</em>
Rembrandt, Aristotle with a Bust of Homer

What lies beneath the surface? Research into a “crusty” buildup of paint reveals Rembrandt’s editing process.

Rachel Ruysch, <em>Fruit and Insects</em>
Rachel Ruysch, Fruit and Insects

No wonder Ruysch treats each element of this still life like a scientific specimen—her father preserved insects.

Selected Contributors | Dutch Republic