At the Museo Nacional de Arte

Virtually explore the Museo Nacional de Arte in Mexico City with Smarthistory as your guide

Some background

videos + essays

Link to the Museo Nacional de Arte's website

Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo), <em>The Eruption of Paricutin</em>
Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo), The Eruption of Paricutin

Dr. Atl recorded the daily evolution of a volcano that formed outside his cabin near Mexico City. For the first time in modern science, one could study and record a volcano’s creation.

Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz, <em>Christ Consoled by Angels</em>
Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz, Christ Consoled by Angels

An 18th-century painting from New Spain visualizes Christ's suffering in New Spain

Manuel Vilar, <em>Tlahuicole</em>
Manuel Vilar, Tlahuicole

Vilar's sculpture of Tlahuicole draws on the style of Neoclassicism to show the heroic Tlaxcalan warrior Tlahuicole who battled the Aztecs

José María Velasco, <em>The Candelabrum</em>
José María Velasco, The Candelabrum

An enormous cactus in the Mexican landscape is captured in amazing detail by the painter José María Velasco in teh 19th century

Francisco Goitia, <em>Tata Jesucristo</em>
Francisco Goitia, Tata Jesucristo

Francisco Goitia's image of universal suffering confronts us directly

Félix Parra, <em>Fray Bartolomé de las Casas</em>
Félix Parra, Fray Bartolomé de las Casas

Parra uses a 16th-century friar to comment on 19th-century events, as artists began to make a new art for a new nation.

Baltasar de Echave Ibía, <em>The Hermits</em>
Baltasar de Echave Ibía, The Hermits

A continuous narrative, this shows three different parts of the story, each in a different part of the landscape.

Miguel Cabrera, <em>Virgin of the Apocalypse</em>
Miguel Cabrera, Virgin of the Apocalypse

Cabrera fancied himself the Michelangelo of Mexico, but chose to borrow the format and iconography of Rubens.

José María Velasco, <em>The Valley of Mexico from the Santa Isabel Mountain Range</em>
José María Velasco, The Valley of Mexico from the Santa Isabel Mountain Range

Velasco shows us the history of the land, both the natural and the built environments.