Baltasar de Echave Ibía, The Hermits

Baltasar de Echave Ibía, The Hermits, Saint Paul and Saint Anthony, c. 1620, oil on copper, 51.5 x 37.5 cm (Museo Nacional de Arte [MUNAL], Mexico City)

Additional resources:

James Oles, Art and Architecture in Mexico (London: Thames & Hudson, 2013)

Painting a New World, exh. cat., ed. Donna Pierce, Denver Art Museum (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004) (available online)

Tesoros, Treasures, Tesouros, the Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820, exhibition catalogue (Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2006)

Kelly Donahue-Wallace, Art and Architecture of Viceregal Latin America, 1521–1821 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2008)

Smarthistory images for teaching and learning:

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Cite this page as: Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Baltasar de Echave Ibía, The Hermits," in Smarthistory, February 24, 2017, accessed December 8, 2023,