Middle and New Kingdom

New Kingdom pharaohs controlled vast wealth. Thebes was the religious center of the period, and Pharaohs built mortuary temples here and were buried in huge rock-cut tombs.

c. 2030 - 1070 B.C.E.

videos + essays

We're adding new content all the time!

Statues of Senusret III
Statues of Senusret III

This life-size statue of Senwosret III is one of three very similar statues excavated from the site of the funerary temple of King Nebhhepetre Mentuhotep II

Scarab pendant
Scarab pendant

This piece of jewelry from Middle Kingdom Egypt is a pendant in the form of a winged scarab.

Bronze statuette of Thutmose IV
Bronze statuette of Thutmose IV

A surviving metal statue of an ancient Egyptian ruler

Pectoral and necklace of Sithathoryunet
Pectoral and necklace of Sithathoryunet

"You have to imagine that nobody really saw this except the princess."

Statue of an Offering Bearer, Tomb of Meketre
Statue of an Offering Bearer, Tomb of Meketre

"They've captured her in a moment in time."

Canopic Jar with a Lid in the Shape of a Royal Woman’s Head
Canopic Jar with a Lid in the Shape of a Royal Woman’s Head

"It seems to me that aesthetically this goes well beyond meeting the need of surviving into the afterlife."

Barry X Ball on an Egyptian fragment of a queen’s face
Barry X Ball on an Egyptian fragment of a queen’s face

"It's balanced between this incredible idealization and humanity."

A bottle and a toy: Objects from daily life
A bottle and a toy: Objects from daily life

Egyptian archaeological finds tend to be remnants of the rich—little remains from the rest of society.

Paintings from the Tomb-chapel of Nebamun
Paintings from the Tomb-chapel of Nebamun

Scenes show Nebamun’s family at work and play, giving vibrant insight into the lives of ancient Egyptian elites.

The tomb-chapel of Nebamun
The tomb-chapel of Nebamun

These lush wall paintings have been called “antiquity’s equivalent to Michelangelo.”

<em>Head of Tutankhamun</em>
Head of Tutankhamun

At only 6 years old, Tutankhamun is crowned pharaoh by the god Amun-Ra.

Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis
Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

From temples on the east bank of the Nile to the Valley of the Kings, Thebes was a wonder of Egyptian Civilization.

Selected Contributors