Architecture and design

Late Modernism and post-modernism

As the International Style spread across the globe, architects looked to break free of the "glass box."

c. 1960 - present

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The Berlin Wall as a political symbol
The Berlin Wall as a political symbol

This Cold War icon was much more than just a barrier between East and West.

Breuer, The Whitney Museum of American Art (now The Met Breuer)
Breuer, The Whitney Museum of American Art (now The Met Breuer)

The cantilevered facade of Breuer’s sculptural building reflects his “Cesca” chair from his Bauhaus days.

Zaha Hadid, MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts
Zaha Hadid, MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts

Inheritor of an ancient concrete tradition, Hadid also refers to early 20th-century utopianism in her museum design.

Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial

A powerful accumulation of names is inscribed on slabs of reflective stone that cuts into the earth on the Mall.

Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao

This “miraculous” building brought art, prestige, and economic prosperity to a struggling port city.

Robert Venturi, House in New Castle County, Delaware
Robert Venturi, House in New Castle County, Delaware

Modern architecture had its time in the sun, Venturi argued, but it was time to move on… to the “decorated shed.”

Selected Contributors | Late Modernism and post-modernism