Colonial Brazil

The art of this period reflects the complexity of Portuguese and Dutch colonial history.

1500–1815 C.E.

Beginner's Guide

What is colonial Brazil?

videos + essays

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Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis

The ruins of São Miguel das Missões in Brazil, and those of San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina are the impressive remains of five Jesuit missions

Church of Our Lady of the Rosary of the Blacks, Ouro Preto, Brazil
Church of Our Lady of the Rosary of the Blacks, Ouro Preto, Brazil

The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary of the Blacks in Ouro Preto is among the most famous of Black brotherhood churches founded in Brazil

Introduction to colonial Brazil
Introduction to colonial Brazil

An introduction to the incredibly diverse art and architecture of colonial Brazil.

Sanctuary of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos of Congonhas do Campo, 1757-1872
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos of Congonhas do Campo, 1757-1872

A site of miraculous healing, the sanctuary in Congonhas has been filled with the prayers of pilgrims since the 18th century.

Mestre Valentim, Passeio Publico, Rio de Janeiro
Mestre Valentim, Passeio Publico, Rio de Janeiro

The first public park in Brazil and a major urban planning commission awarded to an artist of African descent.

Albert Eckhout, Series of eight figures
Albert Eckhout, Series of eight figures

A short-lived Dutch colony produced art that sought to serve science but instead served racism.

Church of São Francisco de Assis, Ouro Preto, Brazil
Church of São Francisco de Assis, Ouro Preto, Brazil

Ouro Preto was a remote yet cosmopolitan town where gold supported both artists and architects.

Selected Contributors