Beginner's guide

Why is Portuguese spoken in Brazil, while Spanish is spoken in much of the rest of South America?

Regions

Viceroyalty of Peru

Viceroyalty of Peru

Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

Colonial Brazil

Colonial Brazil

After Independence

After Independence

Amazonia

Amazonia

All content | South America c. 1500–1900

Artists in colonial South America created art that drew on both European and Indigenous traditions.

Selected Contributors