Early Empire

With Augustus, the Roman Empire begins, and so does a 200-year period of peace and stability known as the Pax Romana.

27 B.C.E.–117 C.E.

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Obelisks and ancient Rome
Obelisks and ancient Rome

The Roman emperor Augustus brought many ancient Egyptian obelisks back to the the city of Rome.

The Mausoleum of Augustus and the Piazza Augusto Imperatore in Rome
The Mausoleum of Augustus and the Piazza Augusto Imperatore in Rome

From Augustus, to Mussolini, and now Bulgari, the long strange history of the Mausoleum of Augustus.

Pont du Gard
Pont du Gard

The Pont du Gard is one of the greatest public works projects spearheaded in the Augustan age.

Volubilis
Volubilis

The Mauritanian capital, founded in the 3rd century B.C.E., became an important outpost of the Roman Empire and was graced with many fine buildings.

Column of Trajan
Column of Trajan

Trajan expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest extent, celebrating his victories with this monumental column.

<em>Augustus of Primaporta</em>
Augustus of Primaporta

Nothing was more important to a Roman emperor than his image.

Ara Pacis Augustae
Ara Pacis Augustae

Augustus is said to have found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble—this altar symbolizes his golden age.

The Colosseum
The Colosseum

Gladiators, animal hunts, and executions: learn about the Colosseum, a monumental gift to the Roman people.

Silver shekel of the Second Jewish Revolt
Silver shekel of the Second Jewish Revolt

Rebellion was not uncommon at the fringes of the Roman Empire, and the people of Judea were no exception.

Portrait of Vespasian
Portrait of Vespasian

In ancient Rome, official portraits were full of political messages. What does Vespasian’s portrait say about him?

Preparations for a Sacrifice
Preparations for a Sacrifice

Animal sacrifice played an important role in ancient Roman religion, but what was involved in the preparation?

Portrait Bust of a Flavian Woman (Fonseca Bust)
Portrait Bust of a Flavian Woman (Fonseca Bust)

Is this delicate female portrait what we think? Take part in a discussion of a masterpiece we know little about.

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