Post-Impressionism

Cézanne, Seurat, Van Gogh, and Gauguin are all Post-Impressionists, though their styles vary widely.

c. 1880 - 1900

Beginner's guide

Post-Impressionism includes artists as diverse as Van Gogh, Cézanne, Gauguin, and Seurat.

videos + essays

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The Artist Project: Sopheap Pich on van Gogh’s drawings
The Artist Project: Sopheap Pich on van Gogh’s drawings

Sopheap Pich on Vincent van Gogh's drawings

<em>A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte – 1884</em> by Georges Seurat
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte – 1884 by Georges Seurat

A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte – 1884 by Georges Seurat is considered to be one of the most important 19th century paintings. Find out more with James Rondeau, President and Eloise W. Martin Director of the Art Institute of Chicago.

Gauguin and Laval in Martinique
Gauguin and Laval in Martinique

Gauguin and Laval's journey to Martinique is a lesser-known chapter in the history of nineteenth-century French painting.

The Pont-Aven School and Synthetism
The Pont-Aven School and Synthetism

Gauguin’s paintings of Brittany are, in the end, more fantasies than accurate images of an authentic peasant culture.

Neo-Impressionist Color Theory
Neo-Impressionist Color Theory

The Neo-Impressionists prided themselves on bringing scientific rigor to the hitherto largely intuitive Impressionist project.

Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part II
Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part II

Although their subjects suggest carefree pleasure, there are undertones of social criticism in some Neo-Impressionist paintings.

Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part I
Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part I

The Neo-Impressionist desire to conform art-making to universal laws of perception, color, and expression echoes throughout Modernism.

Why Is This Woman in the Jungle? Henri Rousseau’s <em>The Dream</em>
Why Is This Woman in the Jungle? Henri Rousseau’s The Dream

Artist Henri Rousseau painted The Dream in 1910, and it's imagery of a woman lounging on a sofa in the jungle was as surreal then as it is today.

<em>The Potato Eaters</em>
The Potato Eaters

What should a peasant painting smell like? Van Gogh has an opinion...

Gauguin, <em>Self-Portrait with Portrait of Émile Bernard (Les misérables)</em>
Gauguin, Self-Portrait with Portrait of Émile Bernard (Les misérables)

These self-portraits were swapped like friendship bracelets among Gauguin, Bernard, and their buddy Van Gogh.

Paul Cézanne, <em>Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses)</em>
Paul Cézanne, Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses)

The subject matter of this painting couldn’t be more traditional, but its formal characteristics make it modern.

Paul Gauguin, <em>Vision after the Sermon</em> (or <em>Jacob Wrestling with the Angel</em>)
Paul Gauguin, Vision after the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling with the Angel)

Gauguin contemplates modern culture’s distance from spirituality in this vivid, evocative canvas.

Selected Contributors