Europe: 19th century

Sculpture

In the nineteenth century, sculptors rethought the representation of the body, finding new ways to express emotion.

c. 1865 - 1900

videos + essays

Stone, bronze, and plaster—traditional media, untraditional forms.

Auguste Rodin, The Walking Man
Auguste Rodin, The Walking Man

Does a statue need to include arms or a head to be considered complete? Rodin clearly doesn’t think so.

Auguste Rodin, <em>The Gates of Hell</em>
Auguste Rodin, The Gates of Hell

This aborted commission was meant for a museum that was to be on the site of the Musée d’Orsay—where it now stands.

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux​, <em>Dance</em>
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux​, Dance

The wild dancing nymphs on the exterior of the Opéra had little in common with the ballerinas performing there.

Camille Claudel, <em>The Age of Maturity</em>
Camille Claudel, The Age of Maturity

The artist’s biography has sometimes overshadowed her radical and serious achievements as a sculptor.

Auguste Rodin, <em>The Burghers of Calais</em>
Auguste Rodin, The Burghers of Calais

When Rodin received the commission for this monument in Calais, he was expected to produce one figure—not six.

Selected Contributors | Sculpture