Early Byzantine art
(including Iconoclasm)

The Early Byzantine period was a time of growth and experimentation, producing some of the greatest monuments of the Byzantine era.

c. 330 - 843

Beginner's guide

The Early Byzantine period spans from the founding of Constantinople in 330 to the Iconoclastic Controversy in the eighth and ninth centuries.

videos + essays

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The Byzantine Fieschi Morgan cross reliquary
The Byzantine Fieschi Morgan cross reliquary

Decorated with gold and enamel, this sumptuous Byzantine box once contained a relic of the True Cross

The Vienna Dioscurides
The Vienna Dioscurides

A beautifully illustrated compendium of texts made for a Byzantine princess

Byzantine Iconoclasm and the Triumph of Orthodoxy
Byzantine Iconoclasm and the Triumph of Orthodoxy

Learn why the Byzantines argued about images for over a century.

Ivory Panel with Archangel
Ivory Panel with Archangel

His body swells beneath the cloth, but his feet hardly touch the ground. This awkward angel is part pagan, part Christian.

Art and architecture of Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai
Art and architecture of Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai

Travel to the Sinai desert and discover the treasures of one of the world's oldest Christian monasteries

Byzantine architecture during Iconoclasm
Byzantine architecture during Iconoclasm

Learn how territorial losses and the Iconoclastic Controversy impacted Byzantine architecture.

Innovative architecture in the age of Justinian
Innovative architecture in the age of Justinian

The reign of emperor Justinian (527 - 565) saw dramatic new developments in Byzantine architecture.

Early Byzantine architecture after Constantine
Early Byzantine architecture after Constantine

Basilicas and new architectural forms appeared following the reign of emperor Constantine.

The origins of Byzantine architecture
The origins of Byzantine architecture

House churches, catacombs, basilicas - explore the origins of Byzantine architecture

Byzantine Mosaic of a Personification, Ktisis
Byzantine Mosaic of a Personification, Ktisis

This Byzantine mosaic shows the personification of the act of generous giving — Ktisis

Woman with Scroll
Woman with Scroll

An Early Byzantine sculpture of a woman with a scroll at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

A  chalice from the Attarouthi Treasure
A chalice from the Attarouthi Treasure

A sumptuous silver and gold chalice starring a youthful Christ, a saint slaying a dragon (could it be George?), and more.

Selected Contributors