Architecture and design

The International Style

Begun in Europe before World War II, this style became the leading approach to global commercial architecture after 1945.

c. 1920 - 1980

videos + essays

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Negotiating the past in Berlin: the <em>Palast der Republik</em>
Negotiating the past in Berlin: the Palast der Republik

This building was a symbol of a repressive regime, but the German government's vote to tear it down sparked years of protests.

Peter Behrens, Turbine Factory
Peter Behrens, Turbine Factory

A leader in modern technology hired a “self-taught architect” with no engineering skills to design their factory.

Gordon Bunshaft for Skidmore Owings and Merrill, Lever House
Gordon Bunshaft for Skidmore Owings and Merrill, Lever House

The glass facade of this office building is unremarkable now, but when it was built, it was revolutionary.

Frank Lloyd Wright, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City
Frank Lloyd Wright, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City

Wright pushed the limits of engineering with poured concrete, and relied on a contractor who build parking garages.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York City
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York City

How do you distill the lessons of the ancient world into a building made of metal and glass?

Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater
Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater

Think you procrastinate? Wright blew this project off for 9 months, then designed his most famous house in 2 hours.

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye
Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye

This house, which emphasized leisure time and fresh air, was Le Corbusier’s own personal Parthenon.

Selected Contributors | The International Style