Dr. Maya Jiménez


About Dr. Maya Jiménez

Dr. Maya Jiménez is Contributing Editor for Twentieth-Century Latin American Art. She received her Ph.D. from the Graduate Center, CUNY, where she focused on the transatlantic dialogues between Latin American and European modern art. She is currently a lecturer at the Museum of Modern Art and Assistant Professor at Kingsborough Community College, CUNY.




The canvases and photographs of these female artists provided a platform onto which they could articulate their own voice, in protest of the marginalization of female artists in the history of art.

Women, Expatriates, and Surrealism in Mexico


The Church of São Bento in Brazil exemplifies the Brazilian Baroque, an ornate style that animated the decoration of churches through organic movements reminiscent of sea waves and conch shells.

The Church of São Bento and the ...




Zemis were powerful objects that could have an impact in any aspect of Taíno life, influencing the social standing, political power, or fertility of an individual.

Taíno Zemis and Duhos





While the Diquís were known for their gold metallurgy, they also created unique round spheres, known locally as “las bolas” (“the balls”), discovered in groups and often arranged in distinct geometric patterns.

Diquís pendants and bolas


The Muisca would honor a new cacique by covering his body in gold dust and then submerging him, his raft, and other offerings into the sacred lake.

Muisca Raft


Due to its unique properties, gold was considered a precious material, reserved exclusively for kings, caciques (chiefs), and priests. In addition to its social and decorative functions, gold also carried a symbolic value. 

Gold and the Isthmo-Antillean Region, an introduction


Many Taíno words, such as canoe, hammock, and tobacco, still exist in today’s Spanish as well as English vocabulary. Descendants of mainland migrants and traders across the Antilles, the Taíno offer a unique perspective into the diversity and exchange of Caribbean life.

Introduction to Taíno art



The Quito School was famous for its polychromed wooden sculptures because they achieved a heightened sense of realism and delicacy rarely seen in South American sculpture.

The Quito School and Wooden Sculpture


Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world. Learn about its colonial era history that began in the sixteenth century.

An introduction to colonial Brazil


After the Spanish invasion, images played an important role in the process of conversion of the indigenous peoples. Indigenous artists were also taught European artistic conventions at schools through the use of print sources.

Indigenous Artists, Early Mission Schools, and Print ...


Juan de Herrera, Portrait of a Lady (detail), 1782, oil on canvas
Elites of New Spain decorated their private residencies with portraits, furniture, silver, textiles, and ceramics to showcase their wealth and status in colonial society.

Elite secular art in New Spain



A Japanese-inspired folding screen made in Mexico were elite objects that reveal the important ways in which the Manila Galleon trade network connected Mexico with Asia.

Biombos and the Manila Galleon trade



The Bolivian city of Copacabana, located on the shores of Lake Titicaca, is the location of an important Marian shrine that dates to the sixteenth century. Pilgrims flocked to visit the Virgin of Copacabana, and even picked up portable artworks along the way.

The Sanctuary and Virgin of Copacabana, Bolivia


While Chichén Itzá was occupied by the Maya during the Post-Classic Period (c. 900–1519 C.E.) in what we call Mesoamerica, the city was invaded by the Toltec of Tula from Central Mexico around 1000 C.E.

Temple of Kukulcan (El Castillo), Chichén Itzá