Christine Zappella


About Christine Zappella

Christine Zappella is a doctoral student in Art History at the University of Chicago and holds Master’s degrees in both Art History from CUNY Hunter College and Teaching (Math Concentration) from Pace University. Christine focuses on sixteenth century Italian painting and is especially interested in the transfer and manifestation of style, the appropriation and transformation of the classical world, and the historiography of Mannerism.







Raphael, Portrait of Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’Medici and Luigi de’Rossi - thumb
Raphael’s rich palette put the papacy in the red—as did Leo X. This Medici pope spent Church money with abandon.

A-level: Raphael, Pope Leo X




El Greco, View of Toledo, date unknown, oil on canvas, 47-3/4 x 42-3/4" / 121.3 x 108.6 cm (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Is that a Van Gogh? Centuries ahead of its time, this radical cityscape captures external and internal conflict.

El Greco, View of Toledo




Raphael, Portrait of Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’Medici and Luigi de’Rossi - thumb
Raphael’s rich palette put the papacy in the red—as did Leo X. This Medici pope spent Church money with abandon.

Raphael, Pope Leo X


Michelangelo, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, 1508-12, fresco (Vatican, Rome) - detail
God created the world in seven days, but it took Michelangelo four years to depict it on this remarkable ceiling.

Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel