Viceroyalty of Peru

The viceroyalty encompassed modern-day Peru as well as much of the rest of South America, the Portuguese controlled what is today Brazil.

1534 - 1820 C.E.

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Early Viceregal Architecture and Art in Colombia
Early Viceregal Architecture and Art in Colombia

Roman mythology, Christian iconography, European painting and sculpture, and indigenous traditions come together in the art of South America soon after the Spanish conquest.

Luis de Riaño and indigenous collaborators, <em>The Paths to Heaven and Hell</em>,  Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas
Luis de Riaño and indigenous collaborators, The Paths to Heaven and Hell, Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas

“For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it / But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.”

Portrait Painting in the Viceroyalty of Peru
Portrait Painting in the Viceroyalty of Peru

Portraits can be so much more than a person's likeness — they can be personal, commemorative and deeply political.

Diego Quispe Tito, <em>Last Judgment</em>, 1675
Diego Quispe Tito, Last Judgment, 1675

Sinners depicted along the lower register receive an array of bodily tortures; the souls in heaven, by contrast, surround the ascended Christ in an orderly formation.

<em>Our Lady of Cocharcas </em> and the Cuzco School of Painting
Our Lady of Cocharcas and the Cuzco School of Painting

Cuzco School paintings came into such high demand that they were exported to patrons residing in far-flung cities located in present-day Chile and Argentina, and even Italy.

Introduction to religious art and architecture in early colonial Peru
Introduction to religious art and architecture in early colonial Peru

Exploring the beginnings of Spanish missionary activities and spaces in Peru.

Bernardo Bitti, <em>Coronation of the Virgin</em>
Bernardo Bitti, Coronation of the Virgin

Bernardo Bitti's painting at the Church of San Pedro in Lima shows that the Renaissance was a global event.

Guaman Poma and <em>The First New Chronicle and Good Government</em>
Guaman Poma and The First New Chronicle and Good Government

Guaman Poma’s hefty epistle detailed the abuses against indigenous peoples; he hoped for it to be printed in Spain.

The Church of San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas
The Church of San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas

The European baroque is reinterpreted with Andean building technology in this mission church on the old Inka road.

Fourteen portraits of the Inka Kings
Fourteen portraits of the Inka Kings

Genealogical Inka portraits like these were banned by the Spanish who feared they would inspire uprisings.

<em>Parish of San Sebastián</em>, Procession of Corpus Christi series
Parish of San Sebastián, Procession of Corpus Christi series

Corpus Christi processions celebrate Christ as victor and allude to the triumph of Christianity over paganism.

Master of Calamarca, <em>Angel with Arquebus</em>
Master of Calamarca, Angel with Arquebus

This armed angel was a soldier of the Catholic Church’s ideological army during the Counter Reformation.

Selected Contributors