Viceroyalty of Peru

The viceroyalty encompassed modern-day Peru as well as much of the rest of South America, the Portuguese controlled what is today Brazil.

1534–1820 C.E.

videos + essays

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Melchor Pérez de Holguín, <em>Entry of the Viceroy Archbishop Morcillo into Potosí</em>
Melchor Pérez de Holguín, Entry of the Viceroy Archbishop Morcillo into Potosí

Pérez de Holguín creates an opulent vision of the city of Potosí, disregarding the infamous stories of poverty and exploitation in the mines of the Cerro Rico

Conserving Cuzco School Paintings
Conserving Cuzco School Paintings

Follow the conservation treatment and research of “Emblem of Folly,” a painting from colonial Cuzco. Committed study of these works can help create a better understanding of Latinx cultural identity and history.

Alonso de Ovalle, <em>Tabula geographica regni Chile</em>
Alonso de Ovalle, Tabula geographica regni Chile

The Ovalle map is one the earliest maps of Chile that circulated around Europe, and includes people, plants, and animals to create a vivid sense of the lands controlled by the Spanish Crown.

Introduction to the Viceroyalty of Peru
Introduction to the Viceroyalty of Peru

The arts of colonial Peru are neither fully pre-Columbian nor fully European, but a dynamic combination.

“Bad Confession” in Guaman Poma’s <em>The First New Chronicle and Good Government</em>
“Bad Confession” in Guaman Poma’s The First New Chronicle and Good Government

Guaman Poma's “The Bad Confession” image participates in a larger argument about the ability for native Andeans to rule themselves without Spanish intervention.

Textiles in the Colonial Andes
Textiles in the Colonial Andes

Textiles remained important items after the Spanish conquest in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Churches were even painted with textile murals to endow these spaces with sacredness.

Early Viceregal Architecture and Art in Colombia
Early Viceregal Architecture and Art in Colombia

Roman mythology, Christian iconography, European painting and sculpture, and indigenous traditions come together in the art of South America soon after the Spanish conquest.

Luis de Riaño and indigenous collaborators, <em>The Paths to Heaven and Hell</em>,  Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas
Luis de Riaño and indigenous collaborators, The Paths to Heaven and Hell, Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas

“For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it / But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.”

Portrait Painting in the Viceroyalty of Peru
Portrait Painting in the Viceroyalty of Peru

Portraits can be so much more than a person's likeness — they can be personal, commemorative and deeply political.

Diego Quispe Tito, <em>Last Judgment</em>, 1675
Diego Quispe Tito, Last Judgment, 1675

Sinners depicted along the lower register receive an array of bodily tortures; the souls in heaven, by contrast, surround the ascended Christ in an orderly formation.

<em>Our Lady of Cocharcas </em> and the Cuzco School of Painting
Our Lady of Cocharcas and the Cuzco School of Painting

Cuzco School paintings came into such high demand that they were exported to patrons residing in far-flung cities located in present-day Chile and Argentina, and even Italy.

Introduction to religious art and architecture in early colonial Peru
Introduction to religious art and architecture in early colonial Peru

Exploring the beginnings of Spanish missionary activities and spaces in Peru.

Selected Contributors