Dada and Surrealism

Dada

This international "anti-movement" of radical young artists claimed that virtually anything could be art.

c. 1913 - 1920

Beginner's guide

Dada was short-lived and difficult to define, but it continues to have a major impact on art today.

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Raoul Hausmann, <em>Spirit of the Age: Mechanical Head</em>
Raoul Hausmann, Spirit of the Age: Mechanical Head

A century before democracy was tested by social media gone rogue, Hausmann understood the dark side of technology.

Francis Picabia, <em>Ideal</em>
Francis Picabia, Ideal

Though Picabia borrows from the popular machine aesthetic, nothing about his apparatus is functional.

Introduction to Dada
Introduction to Dada

The avant-garde reached new heights by looking to “low” culture; after all, the whole thing started with a urinal!

Marcel Duchamp, <em>Nude Descending a Staircase, No 2</em>
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase, No 2

As the European public grew increasingly hard to scandalize, Duchamp crossed the Atlantic to stir up more trouble.

Marcel Duchamp, <em> The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) </em>
Marcel Duchamp, The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)

Love, sex, science, broken glass, a coffee grinder, a bride from another dimension—this one really has it all.

Marcel Duchamp, <em>Boite-en-valise, Series F</em>
Marcel Duchamp, Boite-en-valise, Series F

Duchamp’s wife spent hours gluing prints of her husband’s work onto cardboard for this “portable retrospective.”

Marcel Duchamp, <em>Fountain</em>
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain

This is one of the most important objects of twentieth-century Euro-American visual culture. But… is it art?

Art as concept: Marcel Duchamp, <em>In Advance of the Broken Arm</em>
Art as concept: Marcel Duchamp, In Advance of the Broken Arm

For this snow shovel, the road from the garage to the gallery was paved with the ruins of art as we knew it.

Hannah Höch, <em>Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany</em>
Hannah Höch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany

This chaotic montage features the “Where’s Waldo?” of artistic signatures, but its subject matter is no joke.

Selected Contributors | Dada