Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal


Kaphar takes a violent history and renders it visible in this modified portrait of Andrew Jackson.

Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal, 2017, oil, canvas, and rusted nails on canvas, 274.3 x 213.4 x 3.8 cm, © Titus Kaphar (Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art)

Cite this page as: Lauren Haynes, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art) and Dr. Beth Harris, "Titus Kaphar, The Cost of Removal," in Smarthistory, September 12, 2018, accessed September 23, 2020, https://smarthistory.org/kaphar-cost-of-removal-2/.