Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

Inextricably linked to all the most important historical and political events in Russia since the 13th century, the Kremlin (built between the 14th and 17th centuries by outstanding Russian and foreign architects) was the residence of the Great Prince and also a religious center. At the foot of its ramparts, on Red Square, St Basil’s Basilica is one of the most beautiful Russian Orthodox monuments.


Additional resources

Smarthistory’s free Guide to Byzantine Art e-book

Cite this page as: UNESCO, "Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow," in Smarthistory, May 27, 2021, accessed September 21, 2023,