Pyramids of Sudan


The Kingdom of Kush: Gebel Barkal (Jebel Barkal) and the sites of the Napatan Region (Kurru, Nuri, Sanam, and Zuma)

These five archaeological sites, stretching over more than 60 km in the Nile valley, are testimony to the Napatan (900 to 270 B.C.E.) and Meroitic (270 B.C.E. to 350 C.E.) cultures, of the second kingdom of Kush. Tombs, with and without pyramids, temples, living complexes and palaces, are to be found on the site. Since Antiquity, the hill of Gebel Barkal has been strongly associated with religious traditions and folklore. The largest temples are still considered by the local people as sacred places.

Cite this page as: UNESCO, "Pyramids of Sudan," in Smarthistory, May 27, 2021, accessed July 19, 2024,