As we open the painting from the right, a gentleman sits in the doorway of a modest studio or residence located among rolling hills. A serving boy stands beside him holding a scroll. They are waiting for the arrival of the gentleman’s friends. One friend with a walking stick is crossing the small bridge. His boat is moored nearby. Further left, another scholar approaches by boat, bringing a box of food and a jar of wine. His serving boy is rowing the boat.
The scene is set in a beautiful mountain river landscape. Sprouting willows and blossoming peach trees suggest it is springtime. The artist is (1427–1509), an painter considered one of the Four Masters of Ming.
In his remarks at the far left, dedicated the painting to (1407–1487). Hua was from a prominent wealthy family and was known for his charitable acts. He is probably the figure seated inside the pavilion. Gardens and estates were considered of wealth, cultivation, and social status. Artists during the Ming (1368–1644) often honored their patrons by portraying them in a garden studio, thus commenting on the owner’s character and aesthetic taste. The painting here should not be taken as a realistic depiction of either Hua or his property. Rather, Shen was suggesting Hua as a cultivated host in a well-designed, natural-looking garden.
The scroll has quite a few collector seals of the emperor (reigned 1735–96). He also added three poetic inscriptions in 1765, 1782, and 1791 across the top of the painting, and a fourth one in 1793 before the beginning of the painting. Such continuous attention clearly indicates the emperor’s admiration for this work. (1470–1559), the star pupil of , wrote a long inscription in 1545 in an attachment to the painting, commemorating his teacher. These seals and comments compose a vivid history of the painting’s circulation.
For the classroom
- What colors, lines, and textures do you notice? How does the artist use these elements to convey depth and perspective?
- Select a character from the scroll. What can this person see or observe? What might the person know, understand, or believe? What might the person care about? What might the person question or wonder about? Write your answers in “I” statements as if you were writing from their perspective.
- Write a narrative inspired by this scroll. Why are the people visiting the man? How do they know each other? What conversation might take place between the gentleman and his friends?