Stefan Lochner, Madonna of the Rose Bower

The overriding quality of Lochner’s Madonna of the Rose Bower is an intense sweetness.

Stefan Lochner, Madonna of the Rose Bower, c. 1440–42, oil on oak panel, 50.5 x 40 cm (Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne). Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris

Additional resources

This painting at the Wallraf-Richartz Museum

Anne Winston-Allen, “Gardens of Heavenly and Earthly Delight: Medieval Gardens of the Imagination,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, volume 99, number 1 (1998), pp. 83–92.

Julien Chapuis, “Beyond the Christmas Card—Stefan Lochner, the Painter: ‘The Virgin in the Rose Bower,'” Stefan Lochner: Image Making in Fifteenth-Century Cologne (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 88–94.

Smarthistory images for teaching and learning:

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Cite this page as: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Stefan Lochner, Madonna of the Rose Bower," in Smarthistory, September 6, 2023, accessed February 26, 2024,