Monolith of Tlaltecuhtli (Earth Lord)


Monolith of Tlaltecuhtli (Earth Lord), 1502, Mexica (Aztec), 4.19 x 3.62 m (Museo del Templo Mayor, Mexico City)

Key terms and concepts:

  • Aztec (Mexica)
  • Tlaltecuhtli
  • sacred precinct of Tenochtitlan
  • Templo Mayor
  • relief carving
  • Ahuitzotl (ruler or huey tlatoani)
  • tzitzimime

Additional resources:

Another Tlaltecuhtli monolith at The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Information on the Tlaltecuhtli excavations from The Great Temple Project (pdf)

Report on the installation of the Monolith of Tlaltecuhtli at the Museo Templo Mayor

Cite this page as: Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Monolith of Tlaltecuhtli (Earth Lord)," in Smarthistory, July 12, 2017, accessed September 25, 2023,